Department of molecular-genetic studies

Head of the department:
Alla Mariutsa
Ph.D of Agricultural Sciences, Senior Research Scientist
mobile: +38 098 448-87-25
e-mail (head): This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The department was created in 2006 with a goal to conduct the studies on the genetic structure of the populations of different fish species with the use of novel technologies. It is equipped with modern equipment and currently investigates the genetic structure formation dynamics in different breeds of fish of aquatic ecosystems.

The importance of the department activities is related to the necessity of the application of molecular-genetic methods that allows controlling the movement of genetic information in breeds and intrabreed groups, detecting their specific peculiarities as well as studying the peculiarities of fish populations when introducing them to new regions.

The methodology of the department supposes the application of genetic-biochemical systems, DNA markers, cytogenetic analysis and biochemical methods.

Major areas of the department activities:

  1. monitoring studies on the genetic structure control and cytogenetic analysis of the pedigree stocks of valuable fish species for the rational use of their gene pool;
  2. studies of the genetic structure specificity of different fish species;
  3. studies of the mechanisms of the formation of gene complex associations of different ecologo-geographic regions of Ukraine;
  4. development of the scientific bases for the monitoring of the genetic components in aquatic ecosystems;
  5. development of effective methods for the identification of the genetic structure of individual fish species populations in inland water bodies of different types;
  6. conservation of ecological equilibrium and biodiversity on species and breed levels;
  7. studies of the genotoxic effect of the environment;
  8. improvement and approbation of genetic methods in fish selection;
  9. study of the genetic structure of rare and endangered fish species populations;
  10. study of the peculiarities of the formation of pedigree stocks and populations of different fish species by using a complex approach such as: genetic-biochemical systems, DNA markers (SSR, ISSR), cytogenetic analysis, biochemical studies;
  11. use of real time PCR method for the determination of GMO content in fish products and feeds of different compositions;
  12. study of the mechanisms of cytogenetic abnormality formation in different fish species.

Propositions of services for individuals and legal entities:

  • molecular-genetic, cytogenetic, biochemical analysis of the pedigree material of different fish species;
  • solving the problems of the heterozygosis level correction in fish populations;
  • solving the problems of the consolidation of breeds and intrabreed groups;
  • use of genomic selection elements when forming the genofond stocks of aquaculture objects with the desired productivity parameters.

Study results:

Selected the most informative molecular-genetic markers for long-term population-genetic control in agrosystems;

Performed an analysis and study of the formation specificity of the genetic structure on individual carp breeds and intrabreed types;

Determined the degree of intrabreed conservatism by the individual microsatellite sequences of nuclear DNA in carp of different geneses;

Developed scientific-methodical approached for the correction of population-genetic structure of fish pedigree stocks that contributes to the selective process optimization;

Developed methodical approaches of the detection of the most informative parameters of chromosomal apparatus stability in fish;

Developed a way to determine the genetic apparatus stability in cyprinids.

Department of ichthyopathology

Head of the department:
Natalia Matvienko
Professor, Dr. of Biology Sciences
mob. +38(063)628-34-17
e-mail (head): This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The department has been created with an ultimate goal of the scientific support of food safety in Ukraine and for the creation of conditions for stabilizing and increasing the production of high quality fish products by preventing fish diseases.

The importance of the department consists in the necessity for the assessment of the epizootic state of water bodies and selection of fish species for rearing in the conditions of aquaculture of Ukraine. Last several years, a significant success has been achieved in the field of the study of fish viral diseases. The processes of aquaculture intensification suppose implementation of new techniques, including: use of polyculture, increase of fish stocking density, introduction and acclimatization of new aquaculture objects, application of high nutrient feeds and immunostimulators as well as transportation of fish from one fish farms to others located in different geographical and climatic zones with typical ecosystems. The causal relationship of such activities is occurrence of new fish diseases, which often are not typical for the given region or fish farm.

Activities of the department include comprehensive studies aimed at disease diagnostics and development of appropriate treatment and curative measures. The studies are carried out using conventional ichthyopathological, microbiological, virological and aquaculture methods.

Major areas of the department activities:

  1. development of scientific basis and methodology for monitoring of infectious and invasive fish diseases in conditions of aquaculture and inland water bodies of Ukraine;
  2. determination of the nature of fish diseases registered in the surveyed fish farms and water bodies of Ukraine, establishment of their etiology, clinical signs and patho-morphological changes in fish organisms;
  3. development of early diagnostics methods for fish diseases, which are most common in aquaculture and inland water bodies of Ukraine;
  4. search for the most effective and economically justified methods of the prevention of fish diseases of different etiologies;
  5. approbation and introduction of new preventive and treatment drugs in aquaculture;
  6. studying the effects of drugs on physiological and immunological parameters of fish organism.

Propositions of services for individuals and legal entities:

  • diagnostics of fish diseases of different etiologies;
  • examination of fish seeds (during stocking to rearing ponds or when transferring to wintering ponds);
  • scientifically justified development of a complex of preventive and treatment measures adapted for specific fish culture facility including for closed water supply systems;
  • consulting services on preventive treatment of fish and application of treatment and preventive drugs in aquaculture;
  • visits of specialists to fish farms for performing complex ichthyopathological studies;
  • organization of the observance of aquaculture-technological and veterinary-sanitary requirements by fish farms in the process of hydrobiont rearing.

The department has a permit of the Kyiv Regime Commission to work with causative agents of the III-IV groups of pathogenicity during virological, bacteriological and parasitic studies as well as an attestation at the SE “Ukrmetrteststandart”

State enterprise «Experimental fish farm

Director:
Ruslan Palamarchuk
Ph.D.
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Head accountant:
Iryna Kuzmenko 
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Tasks and main fields of activity: freshwater aquaculture. Aquaculture is an agricultural activity on breeding, keeping, rearing of aquaculture objects for obtaining agricultural products (aquaculture products) and its sale, selective breeding works with pond fish.

Land resources: total – 214.4 ha, including water bodies – 181.4 ha.

The amount of fish products sold per year is 30 tons.

The State enterprise «Experimental FISH Farm «Nyvka»» of the Institute of Fisheries of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine has been created by the order of the Ministry of Fisheries of USSR №101 of 14.03.1969.

The current name of the farm was defined by the order of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine of 07 September 2010 №69 «On naming establishments, enterprises and organizations of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine».

The experimental fish farm is directly reported to the Institute of Fisheries of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine.

The farm was created for organizational and business support of the Institute for performing studies, tests, and finishing scientific works, their approbation as well as the process audit and their implementation into production.

The Experimental Station of the Lviv Research Station IF NAAS is a research base for scientific works implemented in the aquaculture of Ukraine and abroad.

The activities of the farm are aimed at achieving positive results when rearing fish seeds, marketable fish, performing selective breeding works, rearing and sale of brood fish, breeding fish seeds of carp, has a Breeding Plant status:

  • in rearing Ukrainian scaly breed of carp (Nyvka intrabreed type);
  • in rearing Nyvka breeding line of scaleless intrabreed type of Ukrainian framed breed.

Address capacity: Kyiv, Brest-Litovsky prospekt, 17 km.

Lviv research station

Director:
Oleksandr Kovalchuk
phone: +38(067)238-98-38
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Lviv Research Station has been created at the premises of the fish farm “Gorodok” for applying the scientific potential for increasing the efficiency of pond aquaculture in Western regions of Ukraine.

The Station has 4 structural units:
Fish feeding laboratory;
Ichthyopathology laboratory;
Sector of hydrochemical and hydrobiological studies;
Fish selection sector.

Main research areas:

  1. development of scientific approaches for the rationalization of fish feeding system;
  2. studies of biological requirements of commercially valuable fish species;
  3. studies on an increase in fish immune resistance to the action of stress factors by introducing immunomodulating products of plant origin into combined feeds;
  4. use of new disinfection agents in aquaculture;
  5. development and implementation of new treatment products for the treatment of parasitic and infectious diseases in fish;
  6. development and implementation of new disinfection agents in aquaculture;
  7. development of methods for improving water quality by applying mineral and organic fertilizers;
  8. studies of natural food supply and productivity of forage hydrobiont cenoses;
  9. search for new methods and ways of increasing bioproductive potential of fisheries important water bodies;
  10. improvement of the breed characteristics of carp;
  11. formation of pedigree males of Amur wild carp.

Propositions of services for individuals and legal entities:

  • scientific-biological justifications for rational exploitation of water bodies;
  • provision of recommendations on the limitation of the harvest of aquatic bioresources in spawning period;
  • spring-autumn valuation for forming fish replacement-brood stocks;
  • providing recommendations on different forms of carp rearing by individual orders;
  • consulting and performing spawning campaigns;
  • full and partial chemical analysis of water quality of fisheries important water bodies;
  • providing recommendations on the optimization of aquatic environment;
  • performing complex studies of natural food supply development and providing recommendations on its increase;
  • providing consultations of the use of traditional and non-traditional kinds of fertilizers, ways of their application into fish ponds;
  • development of feed formula of available raw materials;
  • tests of carp feed quality on the physiological-biochemical condition of fish organism;
  • experimental determination of feed nutritive value;
  • rationing the feeding of cyprinids and sturgeons;
  • parasitological investigations of fish;
  • consulting on the prevention and treatment of parasitic and infectious diseases in pond fish;
  • providing expert reports on epizotic situation in fish farms.

Research scientists of the Research Station performed following works:
1) formed replacement-brood stocks of carp, which in 1999 underwent state approbation and adopted as Lubin framed and Lubin scaly intrabreed types of Ukrainian breeds, which were listed in the state register of selective breeding achievements of Ukraine;
2) developed the formulas of combined feeds for feeding multiple age groups of carp;
3) approbated and implemented into production:
- preparation “Enroflokvet”, which is used for the treatment of aeromonisis of cyprinids;
- preparation “Floron”, which is used for the treatment of swim bladder inflammation;
- preparations “Kristal-1000” and “Kristal-1100”, which are used for the disinfection of incubation facilities, live fish vehicles and fishing gears.
4) developed recommendations on the use of alcohol industry wastes – distiller’s grains as an organic fertilizers for increasing the development of natural food supply and fish productivity in fish ponds

SE “Transcarpathian scientific and research station of salmon culture and restoration of rare fish species”

Director:
Vasyl Ustych
Cand. Biol. Sc.
mobile: +38(095)260-75-00
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ;
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Head Accountant:
Natalia Grabovetska
mobile: +38(066)9713781
e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Transcarpathian scientific and research station was created based on the order of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine of 12 July 2011 №155 for scientific support of aquaculture in inland water bodies and river systems of the Carpathian region with its unique complex of valuable stenobiontic rheophilic fish species, which include salmonids such as Salmo, Hucho, Thymallus.

The importance of the work is related to the fact the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) defined mountain forests of Carpathians with their water objects as ones of 200 the most important natural regions of the Earth. Carpathians are a habitat for terrestrial, aquatic, semi-aquatic flora and fauna, which correspond to intact and pristine biodiversity of Europe.

The researches of the station use modern methods of physic-hydrological, hydrochemical, algological, zoological, and ichthyological research necessary for the development of scientific foundations and practical implementation of the strategy of the restoration of species diversity in the Carpathian region.

Major areas and kinds of scientific activities:

  1. conducting scientific research on the formation of collection stocks of rare and endangered fish species of the Carpathian region;
  2. improvement of existing and development of new technologies of breeding, rearing, and restoration of rare and endangered fish species for stocking them into the river network of the Carpathian region;
  3. development of scientific foundations of aquaculture development in inland water bodies of Ukraine;
  4. creation of genetic pool bank of valuable fish species;
  5. development of environmentally friendly technologies and methods for aquaculture activities in the conditions of increased human impact for producing organic fish products;
  6. scientific support for the environmental monitoring of aquatic biocenoses, environmental expertise for determining the effect of human activities on aquaculture, environmental impact assessment;
  7. studies on the effects of human activities on the state of biogenocenoses of different water bodies of the Carpathians;
  8. studies of existing and development of new recommendations and prognoses for improving the ecological state of inland water bodies as an integral part of the sustainable development in the Carpathian region;
  9. formation of a partner network of stakeholders interested in the sustainable development of the Tissa River basin such as environmental and scientific organizations of neighboring countries, especially participants of the Danube strategy.

Propositions of services for individuals and legal entities:

  • scientific support and optimization of the processes of salmonid breeding and rearing;
  • comprehensive hydrobiological studies;
  • studies of existing fish stocks and determination of the potential fish productivity of water bodies;
  • fstocking of water bodies, including in the objects of nature reserve fund of Ukraine and sites of mini hydroelectric power plant construction.